Skip to main content

Full text of "The Heritage Lodge no. 730, A.F. & A.M., G.R.C. : proceedings 1983-1984"

See other formats

The Heritage Lodge 

No. 730, A.F. & A.M., G.R.C. 

Instituted: Sept. 21, 1977 
Constituted: Sept. 23, 1978 


Vol. 7, 1983 -84 

Worshipful Master: 

R.W.Bro. David C. Bradley 


R.W.Bro. Jacob (Jack) Pos 

10 Mayfleld Avenue, 
Guelph. Ont., NIG 2L8 

- 2 - 


It IS indeed a great pleasure as Worshipful Master of 
The Heritage Lodge No. 730 to be allowed the opportunity 
of writing a foreword to the new format for the lodge 
proceedings. It seems that we are adding another to the 
many available Masonic books, but all too often the good 
ones are somewhat scarce, and I can only hope that over 
the years the quality of the educational material presented 
in our proceedings will merit the approval and approbation 
of the general membership and particularly be of use to 
Masonic scholars. 

In its formative years the lodge has provided a forum 
for earnest researchers to give papers and other educational 
material, and the customary practice has been to combine 
these with the summons for the next meeting. Last year 
a decision was made to produce the papers in one volume 
in the hope that it will form a necessary and useful 
addition to a member's Masonic Library. 

^•^^^^ °^ thanks must be accorded to the Editor and 
the Editorial Board with the hope that their efforts will 
be extended into the future, and will meet with success. 
It is a privilege to be associated with this publication 
as Worshipful Master and writer of this Foreword. 

David C. Bradley 
Worshipful Master 

- 3 - 


This volume marks the beginning of a new concept in 
masonic outreach adopted by The Heritage Lodge in bringing 
to its members and correspondence subscribers all the 
papers presented during the fiscal year in a single volume. 
If you have been attending the meetings of the Lodge or 
reading the Lodge Proceedings, you will have been made 
aware of the escalating costs of publishing each paper 

The Lodge Summons, along with a summary of the regular 
activities of the Lodge, as well as important notices of 
coming events and special announcements will continue to 
be sent to every member by the Lodge Secretary prior to 
each regular lodge meeting. 

There were only two written papers presented this past 
year. The first paper titled "Preparing a Paper for 
Presentation in The Heritage Lodge" was presented by R.W. 
Bro. Wallace E. McLeod at the 2 8th Regular Meeting of the 
Lodge held in Cambridge, September 21, 1983. The second 
paper titled "Freemasonry at Sea" was presented by V.W.Bro. 
John Storey at the 21st Regular Meeting of the Lodge held 
in Chatham, May 16, 1984. Because of the specialized 
nature of the two papers, the traditional review by three 
critics and rebuttal procedure was not followed; although 
a brief discussion was recorded for Bro. Storey's paper. 

Another highlight for the year was the multi-media 
production about the life of Brother Wolfgang Amadeus 

Mozart titled "Whom the Gods Love Dies in His Youth", 

presented by R.W. Bro. Peter de Karwin at the 30th Regular 
Meeting of the Lodge held in Port Hope, March 21, 1984. 

Jacob Pos 

- 4 - 


R. W. Bro. Wallace E. McLeod 


If you have been following the advance notices of papers 
scheduled for presentation in The Heritage Lodge, you will 
recall that at one time you were looking forward to hearing 
more this evening about "The Old Charges." In the Spring of 
this year however your Master was talking to me, and he 
happened to remark that not too many of the Brethren were 
coming forward and volunteering to present papers. This is 
a trifle disquieting, because one of our stated aims is 
"to encourage participation ... in the activities of the . . . 
lodge." Here, it seems, we have a problem. Is there a 
solution? After we'd discussed it for a while, your Master 
asked me to come and talk to you about it this evening. 
That accounts for the change of topic. 

There may be several reasons why you are not partici- 
pating. Maybe you're not interested. If so, we can't help 
you. Maybe you're interested, but you don't have time. 
There's not too much we can do there, either. Maybe you're 
interested and have a bit of time, but you just don't know 
how to start. That gives us something to work with. Some 
of us, I'm afraid, are under the impression that there's a 
kind of magic involved in preparing a paper, or that it makes 
impossible demands on your time, or that it requires tremen- 
dous talent and intensive training. It can do all these 
things, but it doesn' t have to. The main purpose in present- 
ing a paper to The Heritage Lodge, or to any lodge, or to 
any group, is to tell your audience something they don't 
already know, and to make them think that they want to know 
it. That's all there is to it. It's a simple rule that's 
been known for centuries. "To please and to instruct" was 
the way the ancient Romans put it. 


How do you find a subject that your audience doesn't 
know about? Here again it's not as hard as we sometimes 
imagine. Every one of us has a store of specialized know- 
ledge, or a particular skill, and can do something, or talk 
about something that the rest of us can't. Perhaps it has 
to do with our work, or maybe it arises out of our reading, 
or perhaps it's connected with a place we've been, or a 
person we've met. The point is that we do not all have 
identical memory-banks, we have each had unique experiences, 
and we all have something to say to our fellows that will 
interest them. It's just a case of finding something that 

- 5 - 

will be appropriate to talk about in a Masonic lodge; and 
for that, you may have to do some research. 

And there' s another word that frightens many people: 
"research". It shouldn't, you know. It's not very differ- 
ent from the word "search". If you are researching , you are 
really just searching , just looking for something to say. 
If you want, you can draw a distinction between "original" 
research, that is, looking at original sources and documents 
that shed light on a particular question, and "secondary" 
research, that is, looking at what other people have written 
and published about the subject. Often we think that only 
the first kind, the original research, is worth doing; but 
that's not true at all. Secondary research, our Senior 
Warden has told us ( Newsletter of the Committee on Masonic 
Education, volume 1, no. 3 (October 1981), page 28), "is 
more common, and it is not to be despised. What you find 
will not be new, but it may be new to you" -- and, we may 
add, new to your friends and brethren as well. 

Well, now, the first stage in your research, in your 
looking , is to look for a topic. Since we are talking 
primarily about preparing a paper for The Heritage Lodge, 
your topic will undoubtedly concern Masonry, and it will 
probably deal with our Masonic Heritage -- what we have 
inherited from our predecessors. It may focus on the Craft 
of today, but if so, will set it against the perspective 
of the past. In some sense then it will be a historical 
paper. If it discusses Masonic symbolism, it will show how 
our symbols evolved into their present significance. That 
is what Bro. Timothy H. Barnes did in his paper on "The 
Great Lights of Masonry," that appeared in the Lodge Proceed - 
ings , volume 4, no. 3 (March 1981). If it concerns our 
Constitutuion, it will not just talk about the Constitution 
of today, but it will show how the legislation gradually 
developed over the years. That is what M.W.Bro. W. K. 
Bailey did when he discussed "The Constitution of Grand 
Lodge 1855-1979" ( Proceedings , volume 2, No. 6 (September 
1979) ) . 

The range of possible Masonic historical topics is 
practically endless. You could talk about some symbol, or 
about the constitution, yes. But consider some of the 
other possibilities: 

Masonic postage stamps (Did Britain really issue a 
stamp with the square and compasses at the end of 
World War II? What famous Masons have appeared on 
Canadian stamps?) 

Masonic music (What does Mozart's The Magic Flute have 
to do with the Craft? What can we learn about 
Sibelius 's Masonic music?) 

Masonic poems (Tell us about Robbie Burns. Who was 
Rob Morris, and why is he an honorary Past Deputy 
Grand Master of our jurisdiction?) 

- 6 - 

Masonic stories ("The Man who would be King," by 

Kipling. Are there any traces of the Craft in the 
stories of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle or Mark Twain? 
Both of whom were masons.) 

Masonic artifacts (A discussion of some old Tracing 

Boards in Ontario. What is the significance of the 
Master Mason's certificate? I had a good paper on 
that topic that I hoped to present at Grand Lodge, 
but authorization was not forthcoming.) 

Relations with other Grand Lodges (Why does the United 
Grand Lodge of England not recognize the Grand Lodge 
of Japan? What is the Universal League of Free- 

The relationship with the Roman Catholic Church (M.W. 
Bro. E. W. Nancekivell has provided a good summary 
here. But it would still be useful to know exactly 
what the new code of canon law really says about the 
Craft. ) 

Anti-Masonry (It's still with us. I have a pamphlet 
called Freemasonry - A Way of Salvation ?, by John 
Lawrence, published in 1982 as part of a conserva- 
tive Anglican Pastoral Series, ISBN 0-907536-23-9; 
and a book by Salem Kirban, called Satan' s Angels 
Exposed , published in 1980 and distributed by Morris 
Cerullo World Evangelism, ISBN 0-912582-32-4.) 

Women and Masonry (Lawrence Runnalls has already told 
us quite a bit about that topic.) 

Blacks and Masonry (Who was Prince Hall anyway? Is 
it just racial prejudice that keeps us from recog- 
nizing Prince Hall Masonry?) . 

It's just a case of sitting down, and learning something 
interesting that your brethren don't know that you can 
persuade them they want to know. 


Once you have your topic, how do your proceed? Well, 
you have to gather your information. Whether you are dealing 
with original research or secondary research, the method is 
the same. Read, read, read I If you are reading a lot, it's 
practically impossible to retain all the details in your 
mind, and so you will have to take notes. Keep a lot of 
small pieces of paper at your side as you read, 3" x 5" 
cards, or 5" x 7" cards, and take notes. "Why use cards or 
little pieces of paper?" I hear someone ask. Well, you 
could do it all on large sheets, but you're not just planning 
to copy out a whole book in order. You will want to select 

- 7 - 

and rearrange the facts. You could perfectly well reorganize 
the material on large pieces of paper, copying it over each 
time; but it's far easier to manage with the little ones. 
If you are not already thoroughly familiar with the topic, 
a lot of your notes will be background material; but be 
careful to record anything that strikes you as particularly 
interesting. In general use your own words. If you do 
quote directly from your source, make sure that the quota- 
tion is accurate, and enclose it within quotation marks. 
You should put only one fact on each card. Your notes 
should not consist of long excerpts, but should be simply 
an abbreviated summary, together with a heading and a page 
reference. The summary will recall the details to your 
mind, or if it doesn't, your page reference will let you 
look it up again. If you were collecting information about 
Simon McGillivray, for example, a typical entry on one of 
your cards might look like this. 



- contributed his own money to the 
relief of Bro. Chris. Danby (of 
whom he did not approve) . 

Robertson, vol. 1, p. 1121. 


Then, when you think that you have a fair grasp of the 
material, and have amassed a lot of cards, you can start to 
sort them. If you've gathered your information from more 
than one source, you will find when you come to look at 
your cards that they are all mixed up. Sort through them 
once or twice, to remind yourself of what's on them. You 
will usually find that several of them can now be placed 
together. For example, suppose that you found two other 
cards like these: 



- contributed his own money to pay 

off the debts of his lode in England. 

Robertson, vol. 2, p. 164. 

- advanced his own money to pay off 

- 8 - 

the debts of the Provincial Grand 
Lodge of Upper Canada, and was 
never repaid. 

Robertson, vol. 2, p. 109; also p. 143, p. 151. 

You will see that those three cards can be put together as 
striking testimony to Bro. McGillivray ' s generosity with 
his money. 

There will be more than one possible way of arranging 
your cards logically; try various combinations until you 
find the one that seems best to you. If you are putting 
together a biography, one possible arrangement would be: 

(1) outline of his life; 

(2) Masonic activities; 

(3) character; 

(4) significance. 

In any event, before you start to write you should make out 
a plan of the whole paper, in order to make sure that it is 
clearly organized. You may have to try more than one plan 
before you can actually start writing. Ideally, a paper 
should have a "thesis". That is, it should not simply 
recite the facts; it should attempt to prove something. 
That makes it more interesting. The thesis can be quite 
simple. "To demonstrate that Simon McGillivray was import- 
ant in the history of Canadian Masonry" would be one way of 
dealing with a biography. 


Once you have your facts, and your outline, you can 
start to write. This is really where the hard work you've 
done begins to pay off. If your notes are thorough enough 
and if your plan is logical, you'll find that the essay 
will almost write itself. Use your own words as much as 
possible, and try to keep your style brisk and readable. 
Of course you will probably still have to write out the whole 
thing several times, because as you re-read it you will see 
changes that must be made. It is a good idea to write your 
first draft using only every other line of the paper, or 
even every third line. That way you will have lots of room 
to make some of the alterations, and perhaps save yourself 
the labour of copying out at least one draft. As you go, 
put the page-references to your sources in the margin or at 
the foot of the page. That way you will always be in a 
position to check the facts as need arises. Don't try to 
include everything you have found out. You will not be able 
to use all your cards. Some of them provide information 
that just doesn't fit into your essay plan. 

- q - 

If you're not in the habit of writing, it will be use- 
ful to consult someone - your long-suffering wife, or your 
son or daughter or a friend - about such things as sentences 
and paragraphs. In fact, it's a good idea to get someone 
to read your whole paper and criticize it. One of the hard- 
est things in the world is to accept constructive criticism 
readily; but it is one of the surest ways to improve a paper. 
It's a very good idea to put your paper away for a few days 
so that you aren't so close to it, and then come back to it 
and try to read it with a fresh eye, as if it were someone 
else's work. That way, you'll have a better chance of making 
sure that it is clear, logical, and interesting. 

Your final version should be typewritten, on standard 
8 1/2" X 11" white bond paper. It shoijld be double-spaced, 
or even triple-spaced, with wide margins at the top and 
bottom and on both sides. That will make it much easier 
for the Editor to deal with, and it will also be easier to 
deliver in Lodge. This final version should include your 
footnotes, or endnotes. You don't have to document every 
statement you make, because much of what you say will be 
common knowledge. The notes will serve to give your auth- 
ority for a particular statement that may be controversial 
or less well known, or to tell the source of a direct 
quotation, or to refer to fuller discussions of certain 
topics that you mention in passing. Once you have finished 
your paper, be sure to keep an extra copy of it in a safe 
place, so that your work will not all be wasted if the mail 
should somehow go astray, or some other calamity occurs. 

A written paper is not quite the same thing as an 
orally delivered paper, and you will want to make certain 
small adjustments before you come to speak in Lodge. For 
one thing, in the spoken version you won't include the notes 
and references to particular pages, though you may well want 
to mention in general terms where you found some of your 
material. Likewise, if there is some detailed technical 
point debated in the paper, it may be preferable to curtail 
that part of the discussion. Remember that your function 
is "to please" as well as "to instruct". It would no doubt 
be useful to tell you how to present a paper orally before 
Lodge, but that question would want a whole evening to it- 
self, and I do not propose to address it on this occasion. 
Let me say simply that it can be a terrifying experience 
the first time you have to do it. But it is much easier 
if you have a written text in front of you to read from; 
that way, it doesn't matter quite so much if you get stage- 
fright and your mind "goes blank". 


There are, as we have said, an almost infinite number 
of topics. But for the Masonic researcher who is just 

- 10 - 

beginning, it's easy to choose a subject that is too big. 
Once we start working on it, we find that we have to keep 
reading more and more books, and taking more and more notes, 
and we never seem to reach the end. It gets very discourag- 
ing, and we may feel tempted to give up altogether. Some 
very good subjects are like that; the study of a single 
Masonic symbol would make a good paper, but it would take 
a lot of work, and it would be better to cut your teeth on 
something else first. 

There are two types of topics in particular that commend 
themselves as suitable for beginners. They are lodge 
histories and biographies. Let us dilate on each. In 
general, a lodge will have all the material that is needed 
for the writing of its own history; this will involve the 
reading and digesting of the secretary's minute book, and 
any other relevant papers that are available. That is, it is 
primary or original research. If the lodge is one of the 
older ones there may be an overpowering mass of material; 
and you will always have the problem of deciding what to 
include and what to leave out. A lodge history can be a 
fascinating document, or it can be mind-numbingly dull. It's 
up to the writer. A lot depends on the selection of detail. 
But since R.W.Bro. Charles F. Grimwood has given us a number 
of practical pointers in the booklet "The Lodge Historian," 
printed as the First Special Publication of The Heritage 
Lodge, this topic need not detain us any longer. 


But the type of essay that is the easiest to do, and 
one of the most interesting, is biography. There are 
hundreds of famous masons; it may be that they were not all 
famous for their Masonic activity, but they were famous for 
some reason, and they happen to have been Masons. Often 
books have been written about them that did not even mention 
Masonry. It would be quite acceptable in The Heritage Lodge 
to give a paper that tied both halves of their lives together 
Let me give you some examples. Whence Come We ? tells us 
on page 258, "Bishop William C. White (M, 1873-1960), the 
missionary who amassed the great Chinese collection in the 
Royal Ontario Museum, was Grand Chaplain in 1937." But 
Prof. Lewis C. Walmsley published a life of this man, under 
the title Bishop in Honan (University of Toronto Press) . 
It would make a great paper to summarize Walmsley 's book and 
to find out about White's Masonic career, and see if he did 
anything for Masonry. We note that Whence Come We ? says 
(page 2 04) that he was responsible for the memorial service 
we still use. Most of this would "only" be secondary 
research, but it would still be most valuable. Really, it 
would be just a glorified book review, but there's nothing 
wrong with thatl There are lots of other examples. Let me 
quote from the report to Grand Lodge of the Library Comit- 
tee for 1976. "Mary Beacock Fryer, Loyalist Spy (Besancourt 

- 11 - 

Publishers, Brockville) , is the gripping story of Captain 
John Walden Meyers, British courier in the American Revolu- 
tion, and first Worshipful Master of Moira Lodge, No. 11, 
Belleville. Marjorie Wilkins Champbell's Northwest to the 
Sea (Clarke, Irwin) relates the adventures of William 
McGillivray , head of the fur-trading Nor' West Company and 
founder of Fort William; he was Provincial Grand Master of 
Montreal and William Henry at the same time that his brother 
Simon was Provincial Grand Master of Upper Canada. ... In 
Desmond Morton's The Canadian General (Hakkert) , we read of 
Sir William Otter, who fought in the North West Rebellion, 
and led the Canadians in the Boer War; he was appointed 
Grand Steward in 1923.... Watson Kirkconnell, member of 
Faithful Brethren, No. 77, Lindsay, and sometime President 
of Acadia University, has written his memoirs under the 
title A Slice of Canada (University of Toronto Press) " 
(page 105) . The Lodge would welcome a paper on any of these 

If you are more venturesome, you could try a life of 
somebody whose biography has not yet been written. This 
would entail a bit more work, perhaps looking up obituary 
notices in the newspapers, or the like. A number of our 
Past Grand Masters would amply repay further study. I think 
in particular of Daniel Fraser Macwatt and Frederick Weir 
Harcourt, but there are others. There is just one request 
that I should make. The man whose life you write about should 
have done something of lasting importance either in Masonry 
or in the outside world (or both) . It would be a waste of 
the lodge's time to present a life of someone who had con- 
tributed nothing to the world or to Masonry. In Whence Come 
We ? you will find nine brief biographies, which (I can say 
modestly) are models of their type; each one explains clearly 
why the man was important. Chapter Eighteen of the same 
book names more than a hundred famous Masons; virtually 
every one of them might justly claim our attention, and could 
well be the subject of an address to The Heritage Lodge. 
If it turns out that you don't find enough information about 
your man to make a full paper, you could perfectly well 
treat several of them together. One could imagine a 
fascinating talk dealing with two or three newspapermen, or 
architects, or physicians, or railwaymen. 

Well, once again, my advice to beginners in Masonic 
research is to begin with Lodge histories, or, even better, 
lives of Masons. My judgement is confirmed as I look at 
the publications of certain other lodges of research. In 
the Transactions of the American Lodge of Research, volume 
14, for 1980, we find "An Historic Account of Freemasonry on 
Staten Island, N.Y. from about 1776 to 1981" (all in 9 
pages) ; and we also find an article on "Daniel E. Lemm, 
Master Mason." It turns out that he was the cause of a 
dispute in the years 1888-1891 between New Jersey and New 
York about territorial jurisdiction. In the Bulletin of 
the Illinois Lodge of Research, volume 2, no. 3 (for July 
1981) , there are short lives of the First President of the 

- 12 - 

University of Chicago, of the founder of the service club 
Lions International, and of the two doctors who first made 
extensive use of the medical preparation later patented 
under the name of murine. All four were Masons. Or again, 
in the Transactions of the Texas Lodge of Research, Volume 
17 (1981-1982), there is "A History of Kerrville Lodge No. 
697, A.F. & A.M.: The First Fifty Years". And there are 
five Masonic biographies: one of a Texas Mason who was 
hanged as a spy in the American Civil War, one of the first 
Mason in El Paso to preside over a Craft Lodge and a Royal 
Arch Chapter and a Knights Templar Commandery, one of the 
second Grand Secretary of the Grand Lodge of Texas, one of 
a millionaire from the early days of Dallas, and one of an 
early Methodist minister (written by his grandson) . 


Perhaps it would be appropriate to include a case 
history and a specimen life. For several years now I have 
been interested in Simon McGillivray, an important figure 
in our early history. He was Provincial Grand Master in 
Upper Canada from 1822 to 1840. He went through a financial 
crisis about 1825, and could not visit his province after 
that. John Ross Robertston's History several times mentions 
a younger associate of his, by the name of John Auldjo. 
McGillivray sent him to Canada as his Deputy in 1837, and 
we are told that Auldjo presented a report on the state of 
Masonry in the province. The report, according to John 
Ross Robertson, had disappeared. And unfortunately the 
historian didn't know anything further about Auldjo 's life. 

The files of the United Grand Lodge of England contain 
many documents about the Craft in Canada - over 500 in all. 
During my visits to England I've been going through these, 
to try to find out what they contain. I've prepared a 
catalogue, and it is suitable that I should place a copy in 
the hands of the Master, for the convenience of the Lodge. 
(The presentation to R.W.Bro. Balfour LeGresley, Worshipful 
Master, was made at this time.) There are exciting things 
there; for example, there is an explicit statement that an 
early form of our present mode of working was introduced 
here in 1825. Another exciting discovery was the original 
of John Auldjo 's long-lost report to Simon McGillivray. 
When this turned up in February of 1981, it seemed to be of 
considerable importance, and so I requested permission to 
publish a transcription. It appeared, with a brief commen- 
tary, in the Proceedings of Grand Lodge for 1981. At least 
I thought it was important. So far as I can tell, no one 
else has even read it. 

Anyway, at the time the report was found, we still 
didn't know anything about Auldjo 's life. There were 
several tantalizing hints in John Ross Robertson. Though 
Auldjo apparently was going to visit Canada from England, 

- 13 - 

McGillivray refers to him as "of Montreal", and says that 
"he has connection and property both in Montreal and in 
Upper Canada". So I wrote to the Public Archives of Canada, 
in Ottawa. They have a tremendous collection of early 
documents, well indexed, and a very helpful staff. They 
promptly sent a marvellous three-page letter summarizing 
their results; several members of the Auldjo family had been 
merchants in Montreal in the years from 1796 to 1831; our 
John had been born in Montreal, as shown on his baptismal 
record. He attended Cambridge University, and there were 
said to be some Itters about him in the archives of Queen's 
University. So I wrote to Queen's University in Kingston, 
and they had the files of a Kingston lawyer who had managed 
Auldjo 's affairs in Upper Canada. The archivist there 
contributed some information, and also a photocopy of a 
letter written in 1870 by Auldjo, who signed himself "Acting 
British Consul at Geneva, Switzerland". The writing was 
identical with that of the report in London. Again, there 
is a published book that lists all the alumni of Cambridge 
University, and tells a bit about them; it referred to a 
newspaper obituary in The Times of London, and several 
other sources. The Masonic records in London disclosed that, 
when Auldjo joined the Craft, he gave a Cambridge address, 
and he was proposed by Simon McGillivray. Everything was 
tying together nicely, and enough details were duplicated to 
prove that we were dealing with only one John Auldjo, not 
several . 

I shan't continue to bore you with the other details 
of the research; you get the idea. In due course it resulted 
in a brief life of John Auldjo, which is to appear in the 
published version of my inaugural address as Master of 
Quatuor Coronati Lodge; but since that will not be printed 
for nearly two years, it might be appropriate to give you 
as it were a "sneak preview". 

The thesis, the purpose of the biography, is to show 
why McGillivray chose Auldjo as his Deputy, and why Auldjo 
did not accomplish more than he did in Upper Canada. 


Life of John Auldjo . The name Auldjo was originally 
confined to Renfrewshire, Scotland. According to tradition 
the progenitor was an Italian immigrant named Algeo, who 
came from Rome about 1500 or shortly before, "in the suite 
of one of the Abbots of Paisley" . 1 In the decades around 
1800 several representatives of the family had close ties 
with the Canadian trade. Alexander Auldjo (1758-1821) , a 
partner in the Montreal firm of Auldjo and Maitland, was 
Member for Montreal West in the Legislative Assembly of 
Lower Canada from 1796 to 1800. His wife Everetta Jane 

14 - 

Richardson (ca 1774-1808) was connected with several power- 
ful trading houses. Her uncles James Phyn (1742-1821) and 
Alexander Ellice (1743-1805) , and in due course her cousin 
Edward "Bear" Ellice (1781-1863), belonged to the London 
firm of Phyn Ellices and Inglis (1787) . Her brother John 
Richardson (17557-1831) and her cousin John Forsyth (1762- 
1837) were partners in its Montreal counterpart Forsyth 
Richardson and Company (1790). Both firms were involved 
in the so-called XY Company (1798), which merged with the 
North West Company in 1804. 2 

John Auldjo, elder son of Alexander Auldjo and 
Everetta Jane Richardson, was born in Montreal 26 July 1805, 
and baptised 12 August, by the Reverend J. Somerville, 
Minister of St. Gabriel Street Presbyterian Congregation, 
Montreal. Soon after the War of 1812 his widowed father 
returned to Britain with his two sons. In due course John 
was admitted as a pensioner to Trinity College, Cambridge 
(12 November 1822), though he never took a degree. He 
withdrew from university for reasons of health, and settled 
in the south of France, at Nice, where he resided for some 

The Canadian mercantile aristocracy was a clannish 
breed, and tended to cement business ties by more personal 
alliances. And so on 18 September 1826 John's younger 
brother Thomas Richardson Auldjo (1807-1837) married Anne 
McGillivray (1805-1856), niece of Simon McGillivray, and 
daughter of the late William McGillivray, sometime Chief 
Director of the North West Company, and his wife Magdalen 
McDonald (died 1811) sister of the fur-trader John McDonald 
of Garth (17747-1860) . The wedding took place in the parish 
of St. Lawrence Pountney, London, with Archdeacon John 
Strachan, D.D., (1778-1867), of York, Upper Canada, offic- 
iating; he later became first Bishop of Toronto (1839) . 3 

John Auldjo, it seems, returned to London for his 
brother's wedding. Not long after his arrival he managed 
to lose a considerable sum of money at private play with 
the Marquess of Clanricarde (1802-1874) and certain of his 
friends, the game being three card 100. On consultation 
with his advisors Auldjo brought an action for recovery of 
his funds, and proceeded against three of the part on a 
charge of conspiracy to defraud. An unpleasant public 
correspondence ensued in the London newspapers. It reached 
its culmination when Simon McGillivray accused Lord 
Clanricarde of making a practice of fleecing wealthy young 
greenhorns, and challenged him to bring a legal action for 
defamation, but nothing was done. 

On 7 May 1827 John Auldjo was admitted as a law-student 
at Lincoln's Inn, but did not proceed to the bar. Instead 
he went back to France, where he became the first "English- 
man" to climb Mont Blanc. The next year be published a 
Narrative of an Ascent to the Summit of Mont Blanc, on the 
8th and 9th of August, 1827; it was dedicated to Simon 

- 15 - 

McGillivrary . He spent much of the years 1831-1836 in 
Naples, with one excursion to the eastern Mediterranean. 
While in Naples he served as guide to Sir Walter Scott during 
his final voyage, and struck up an acquaintance with the 
novelist Edward Bulwer (later known as Bulwer Lytton) , 
who dedicated to him the later editions of the novel 
Devereux (from 1836 on) . Auldjo is said to have suggested 
to Bulwer the character of the blind girl Nydia in The Last 
Days of Pompeii . He continued to write about the places he 
had seen, and soon published two more books. Sketches of 
Vesuvius with short accounts of its principal eruptions from 
the commencement of the Christian era to the present time 
(18 32) and Journal of a Visit to Constantinople and some of 
the Greek Islands, in the spring and summer of 1833 (1835). 
In recognition he was named Fellow of the Royal Geographical 
Society and a Fellow of the Royal Statistical Society. On 
7 May 1840 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society, 
being proposed in the first place by Simon McGillivray. The 
same year he was one of the two trustees named in McGilliv- 
ray* s will. 

He spent 1841 and 1842 in Spain and Portugal, but for 
the next fifteen years he virtually disappears from view. 
In 1856 he went through a financial crisis and left England, 
apparently for ever. In Paris in 1860 he married Caroline 
H. Hammet; they settled in Geneva, and proceeded to have two 
daughters, one of whom died in infancy. From 1870 until 
his death Auldjo served as acting British consul (unpaid) , 
and then Consul, in Geneva (still unpaid) . He died 6 May 
1886 and is buried in the Chatelaine Cementery there. His 
friends set up a marble tablet to his memory in the Holy 
Trinity Church at Geneva. 4 

Auldjo' s Masonic Activities . On 25 October 1826, John 
Auldjo, "of Trinity College, Cambridge," was balloted for 
and initiated in the Lodge of Antiquity, No. 2, London, 
Senior Lodge and prestigeous. His proposer was the uncle 
of his new sister-in-law, Simon McGillivray. At the next 
meeting, 22 November, he was passed to the Second Degree, 
and also participated in the work of the evening by illu- 
strating the Second Clause of the Second Section of the 
Lecture on the First Degree. 

On 25 November 1828 he joined Somerset House Lodge, No. 
4, at the same time as Simon McGillivray; he paid dues only 
to the end of 1830. 

According to W. H. Rylands, Records of the first 
hundred years of the Royal Arch Chapter of St. James (No. 
2) (1891), John Auldjo, "of 7 Lancaster Place", was exalted 
in, and joined, that Chapter on 6 March 1828. His street 
address was one of the residences of Simon McGillivray. 
In the years that followed, during his intervals in England, 
Auldjo filled minor masonic offices. He was one of the two 
Assistant Sojourners in his Chapter in 1829-30, and served 
as Master of Ceremonies of his Lodge in 1839. 5 

- 16 - 

In the spring of 1837 Auldjo was planning to visit 
Canada, where he still had property and connections. 
McGillivray gave him a warrant as his Deputy, chiefly to 
enquire into the state of the craft in Upper Canada, so that 
the authorities might determine what further measures were 
appropriate. It was late summer before Auldjo reached 
Toronto. He met with nine of the most distinguished masons 
of the city and gathered as much information as he could. 
It appeared that masonry was at a very low ebb indeed. The 
Provincial Grand Lodge had not met for some eight years. 
The brethren knew of only three lodges that were still active, 
and two of them were in effect dormant. 

Auldjo drew happy auguries from the cooperation he met. 
All the brethren, he tells us, "expressed themselves to be 
highly delighted at the prospect of the revival of the Grand 
Lodge and promised to give their utmost aid in this good 
work, having no doubt that with a D.P.G. Master who would 
take trouble and had time to devote himself to his duties. 
Masonry would again flourish and afford many persons who had 
been separated from each other by various circumstances, the 
means of once more meeting on that beautiful pavement, where 
the asperity of political or religious differences has no 
sway and severs not the bond of Union and of Friendship" . 

On the advice of his informants Auldjo drew up a slate 
of Provincial officers. It was further arranged that the 
Provincial Grand Lodge should meet later in the year, when 
he returned to the city; the date set was 2 5 September. 
Auldjo' s enthusiasm was contagious, and he tells us that 
he "succeeded in persuading many Masons who had deserted 
their duties to promise to rejoin their Lodge, and some of 
the Superior Officers of the Government signified to me 
their wish to join the craft.... I look for the happiest 
results when it be known that members of the Legislative 
& Executive Councils and some of the most distinguished 
persons of Society in Toronto have been initiated into our 
Mysteries" . 

He subsequently addressed a circular to the last known 
address of every lodge listed on the register, calling for 
information. Having done so much, he proceeded to Lower 
Canada, in connection with his business. But while there, 
word reached him in early September that his "only and 
Beloved Brother", Thomas Richardson Auldjo, had died at 
Naples of cholera on 7 July. 6 He had to return at once to 
Europe, to look after his brother's widow and infant child- 
ren, and notified the Canadian brethren that the Provincial 
Grand Lodge must reset in abeyance until further instructions 

On 10 October, after he reached London, Auldjo composed 
a report on his mission and gave it to McGillivray. He in 
turn delivered it, together with a supplementary report of 
his own, to the Grand Master. 

- 17 - 

Two years later, in October 1839, Auldjo was again 
planning to visit Canada, and McGillivray twice recommended 
that he be named Provincial Grand Master for one of the 
Canadian Provinces. He seemed well qualified. "He has 
enough of Masonic zeal to be active during his stay there, 
enough of Masonic knowledge to be useful, and his personal 
character and station in society would at once give him an 
influence that no stranger could easily acquire". 7 He 
combined "the requisite station and influence in the Province 
with the necessary Masonic knowledge and zeal in the cause" 
and moreover he was "known in Grand Lodge" . 8 

McGillivray ' s recommendation was not taken up, and he 
died the next year. Auldjo last appeared in the list of 
members of the Lodge of Antiquity, No.^ 2, in 1841, and he 
does not seem to have attended the Chapter of St. James, 
No. 2, after 1842. It almost appears as if he lost his 
masonic zeal with the death of his patron. 


One would hardly want to claim that this specimen 
biography is perfect. There are still gaps in our picture 
of Auldjo, and we don't understand him as well as we should 
like. He was obviously a man of great natural ability who 
never had to work for a living, and perhaps never acquired 
the self-discipline to work at anything. We did find out 
the two main points we hoped to establish. He was chosen 
as Deputy Grand Master for Upper Canada because his brother 
was married to Simon McGillivray ' s niece, and McGillivray 
saw his evident talent. He didn't accomplish more here 
because, in the first place, his brother died and he had to 
return to Europe; and in the second place, perhaps, because 
he was not very good at sticking at anything. 

In this paper, we have tried to do several things. 
We've said repeatedly that a biography is the easiest kind 
of paper to write; we've offered an example of the sort of 
thing that is out there waiting to be done, and I hope you 
found it interesting; and we have outlined the mechanical 
steps that you need to follow in composing a paper. They 
are, in order: 


Find a topic; 

Read about it; 

Take notes as you read; 

Review your notes; 

Draw up a plan, and establish a thesis; 

Write a first draft; 

Revise your draft, and have it criticized; 

Write your final version. 

That looks like a long list; but if you take it a step at 
a time, it becomes quite manageable. So now, the secret is 
a secret no longer. You all know how to write a paper for 

- 18 - 

The Heritage Lodge. Go out there and get to work. We shall 
be waiting impatiently to hear the results of your researches 


(anonymous), "How to write a Term Paper", Funk & Wagnalls 
New Encyclopedia (New York 1973), volume 27, pages B.14- 

David C. Bradley, "Research", The Speakers' Corner, News - 
letter of The Committee on Masonic Education, volume 1, 
No. 3, pages 27-29. 

Alphonse Cerza, "On doing Masonic Research", Bulletin of the 
Illinois Lodge of Research, Volume 1, No. 3 (1978), 
pages 123-127. 

W. McLeod, "How to write a short talk". Report of the 

Committee on Masonic Education, Proceedings of the Grand 
Lodge A.F. & A.M. of Canada in the Province of Ontario, 
1979, pages 101-104. 


1 See the entries 'Algeo', 'Auldjo', in George F. Black, 
The Surnames of Scotland (New York, 1962) 17, 38. Brief 
notices of John Auldjo are to be found in The Times (of 
London), 8 May 188 6, page 10, and 18 May 18 86, page 9; 
Frederic Boase, Modern English Biography , volume 4 (1908; 
reprinted London, 1965), columns 203-204; J. A. Venn, Alumni 
Can tabrig lenses , part 2, volume 1 (Cambridge, 1940) 100. 
There is a longer memoir by J. M. Bulloch, Notes and Queries 
166 (January-June 1934) 327-332. Details of his books are 
provided in the British Museum Catalogue and the National 
Union Catalogue . His collar jewel as Deputy Provincial Grand 
Master is mentioned AOC 24 (1911) 4 and Proceedings, UGLE , 
Quarterly Communication (5 September 1917), 233. By the 
courtesy of the United Grand Lodge of England I was permitted 
to publish a transcription of his report to McGillivray on 
his masonic mission to Upper Canada in 1837 (HCF 16/D/48) , 
in the Proceedings, Grand Lodge of Canada in the Province of 
Ontario (1981), Appendix, pages 1A-9A (corrigenda: page 3A, 
line 20, for cooperation read co-operation; page 6A, line 11, 
for everything read every thing) . His father receives an 
entry in Francis - J. Audet, Les Deputes de Montreal 
(Montreal, 1943) 150-151. 

The writer wishes to record his gratitude to the Board 
of General Purposes, United Grand Lodge of England, for 
permission to consult and cite unpublished documents in 
the Library of Freemasons' Hall, London; to the Board of General 

- 19 - 

Purposes, Grand Lodge of Canada in the Province of Ontario, 
for similar courtesies in Toronto; to the Public Archives 
of Canada, Manuscripts Division, for extending the privil- 
eges of research in their holdings in Ottawa; to Bros. T. 0. 
Haunch and J. M. Hamill, whose kindness extended far beyond 
the line of duty; and to the following individuals who 
patiently furnished information from the material in their 
custody, or provided specialized information: Denis Bousquet 
and Michele Leroux, National Archives of Quebec, Montreal; 
J. Patricia Birkett, Public Archives of Canada, Ottawa; 
Shirley C. Spragge, Queen's University Archives, Kingston; 
N. H. Robinson, Librarian, The Royal Society, London; F. H. 
Thompson, General Secretary, Society of Antiquaries of 
London; Trevor Kaye , Sub-Librarian, Trinity College Library, 
Cambridge; and to June Hewitt, Victoria College, Toronto, 
for the efficiency and good humour with which she entered 
the manuscript of Auldjo's life on the word processor. 

2 All five men are noticed in W. Stewart Wallace, The 
Macmillan Dictionary of Canadian Biography (fourth edition, 
revised by W. A. McKay, Toronto, 1978). 

3 Marjorie Wilkins Campbell, McGillivrary , Lord of the 
Northwest (Toronto, 1962) , page 311. 

4 The National Union Catalogue sets his death in 1856, 
but this is clearly wrong. 

5 The information about Auldjo's masonic career was 
provided by T. O. Haunch. 

6 Montreal Gazette , 2 September 1837. 

7 John Ross Robertson, The History of Freemasonry in 
Canada (Toronto 1900), volume 2, page 156. 

8 Robertson, volume 2, page 199. 

- 20 - 


R. W. Bro. Peter de Karwin 

Our brother Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart closed his eyes 
forever at the age of 35, on December 5, 1791. 

No monument stands over the resting place of this 
genius who gave the world an inexhaustible treasury of music, 
without which the art of music would not only be gloomier, 
a more cold-hearted, a less varied thing, but without which 
music is simply not conceivable to those who know and love 

Even the exact location of our brother's grave is not 
known; his remains have vanished ... but the treasury of his 
immortal music shall remain with us, to the end of time. 

Brother de Karwin then proceeded with a spectacular 
recorded production beautifully illustrated with over 300 
colour slides and the strains of the master's music. The 
film concert opened with the magnificent splendour of the 
aurora borealis splashed silently across three large screens 
and then the soft strains of Mozart's Twinkle Twinkle Little 
Star. Throughout the 9 minute production and accompanied 
by beautiful slides depicting the life of Mozart amind the 
grand architecture of many of the great concert halls 
throughout Europe, portions of Mozarts music, as recorded 
by world famous orchestras, enthralled a large audience of 
masons from Ontario and surrounding districts. 

The following information was extracted from the Grand 
Lodge Bulletin #4, March, 1966, which was originally researched 
by R.W.Bro. Peter de Karwin. 


Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in Salzburg, Austria, 
in 1756. He and his sister Anna who was 5 years his senior 
were the only surviving children of a family of seven. His 
father, Leopold, who was a versatile instrumentalist per- 
formed mostly as a court musician and composer to royalty in 
Austria. He was a fervent Catholic but had little regard 
for the priesthood and priestcraft. As early as three years 
of age the two children exhibited amazing talent in music. 
For over fifteen years Leopold paraded them before royalty 
and in musical circles in practically every large city in 
Europe and England with Wolfgang receiving most of the acclaim 

At six years of age Wolfgang appeared before the Elector 
in Munich and Frances I and Maria Theresa of Austria. A 
year later at Frankfurt the newspapers carried the announce- 

- 21 - 

ment that he would play the clavier, harpsichord and violin 
and instantly name all the notes played at a distance either 
singly or in chords. On a visit to England in 1764 young 
Wolfgang in a command appearance before King George III and 
Queen Charlotte played at sight compositions of Back, Handel 
and others. During this time he began to show real talent 
as a composer of songs, sonatas and madrigals. 

There were many sceptics who did not believe that his 
compositions were original. To put him to the test Louis XV 
of France caused him to be isolated at the court of Versailles 
for three weeks, giving him orders to compose a concerto for 
violini The concerto, which he dedicated to Queen Adelaide, 
has scarcely been duplicated and has been down through the 
years been included in the repetoire of leading concert 
violinists. Under somewhat similar conditions at the request 
of Archbishop Sigismund, Mozart wrote an oratoris on the 
first and second commandments of Mark 12:30 "Thou shalt love 
. . . thyself" . 

When Wolfgang was thirteen, the family was in Rome 
during Holy Week. On the Wednesday he attended the perfor- 
mance of the celebrated "Misere of Allegri" by the double 
choir in the Sistine Chapel. This music was considered so 
sacred and secret that any of the performers guilty of taking 
out copies of the music was subject to excommunication. 
Mozart rushed home and wrote complete scores for the two 
choirs. This can be considered as remarkable in that the 
music lacked perceptible rhythm and that he was not familiar 
with church music. On Friday Mozart returned for a repeat 
performance and to check the score for minor details. The 
Pope on learning of this extraordinary feat instead of excom- 
municating him conferred on him the "Order of the Golden 
Spur" and title Signer Cavalier i. 

Between the years 1766 and 1791 Wolfgang produced over 
1000 works of every known musical composition only a small 
fraction of which were published during his lifetime. At 
the relatively young age of 35 years he ranked with the men 
of musical genius - Bach at 65, Beethoven 57, Hayden 77, 
Handel 74 and probably the most versatile of them all. In 
the six months prior to his death, he composed the two 
memorable works - The Magic Flute and the Requiem. Besieged 
most of his latter days by his creditors, beset by family 
worries and wearied by physical and nervous exhaustion Mozart 
died on December 5, 1791. 


The first record of a Lodge in Austria was in 1726. It 
was formed in Prague just 9 years after the formation of the 
Grand Lodge of England. By 1750 there were Lodges in major 
cities - Paris, Brussels, Rome, Milan, Vienna, Munich, 
Cologne. Pope Clement XII, noting the rapid spread of 
Masonry and the absorbing participation by many prominent 
Catholic laymen and priests proclaimed the first anti- 
masonic bull in 1738. 

- 22 - 

Mozart joined Crowned Hope Lodge in 17 84 shortly after 
taking residence in Vienna. His biographer. Otto John, 
says "the high regard in which Masonry was held in Vienna 
was such that the most clever and educated and the best in 
society were members. Therefore, it is not surprising that 
he sought membership. The want of a form of liberty based 
on intellectual and moral education which was essentially 
felt in Vienna at that time was supplied by Freemasonry and 
Mozart thought it useful for him to be introduced into a 
circle of friends who studied great problems. The mysticism 
and symbolism of the craft had a great effect on his impres- 
sionable nature. Einstein says of him - "Perhaps he was 
driven to the Lodge also from his profound loneliness as an 
artist and his need for unreserved friendship. He was on 
equal footing with the nobility and the intellectually 
elite of Vienna" . 


1. Masonic Cantata - 1785 for the Master of Benevolence 

2. Fellowcraf t ' s Way - 1785 to celebrate his father being 
passed to the Fellowcraf t Degree. 

3. The Mason's Rejoicing - 1785 in honour of Von Born, a 
brother mason, who had made a great Metallurgical 
advance for refining of ores. 

4. Masonic Funeral Music - 1785 in memory of two distin- 
guished Masons. 

5. Music for Opening and Closing of a Lodge - 1786. 

6. Cantata - 1791 only remotely connected with Masonry. 

7. A Little Cantata for Freemasons - 1791 for two tenors, 
a bass, a chorus and a small orchestra. 

8. Four Masonic Songs. 

9. Magic Flute - 1791. 

10. Ave Verum - 1791 - four voices and strings - written a 

week before his death. It is a perfection of modulation 
and voice blending and falls in the category between 
church and masonic music. 

The Magic Flute is one of the greatest miracles pro- 
duced by Mozart. It was written in the last year of his 
life, during which he was tired, bedeviled by poverty, and 
depressed by a fashionable world which seemed no longer to 
appreciate him. 

Emmanuel Shikander, a brother mason, a theater manager 
and a comedian of sorts approached Wolfgang with an offer 
equivalent to $250 today (1966) to compose a popular fairytale 
opera that would have popular appeal to the lower and middle 
classes and also to permit Shikander to appear in the opera 

- 23 - 

as the head comedian. Instead he got a work of art unique in 
opera combining the gorgeousness of a pantomine with the 
solemnity of a ritual and the contemporary interest of a 
political satire. Shikander did not bargain for art and 
would in fact have feared it as a detriment to the box 
office. Although the opera grew out of Shikander 's part as 
the librettist and Giesecke as his assistant, it was Mozart 
who wrought the miracle. 

Although Mozart may have started in a lighter vein he 
soon changed the whole plot to produce an allegory on Free- 
masonry. It may well be that he sensed that he had not 
long to live. Mozart used the opportunity to present Masonry 
to its true light and to educate a people in this emancipation 
of other young people from the iron grip of the Catholic 
church as held by the Catholic Orders and the priesthood 
at the time. Probably no other opera so farcical in perfor- 
mance has so profound a message and meditation and so strong 
a faith in high power to present to mankind. 

Mozart conducted the premier of The Magic Flute on 
September 30, 1791, in Vienna. The show was a big success, 
as popular with ordinary folks as a Broadway musical hit is 
today. But it was too late to benefit the exhausted little 
musician whose body was deposited in a pauper's grave a little 
more than two months later. By 18 00 the opera had been 
performed over 200 times in 58 cities in Europe. 


Karl M. Andrist, 320 Pennsylvania - The New Age, July 1954 

Percy M. Hayton. 

Arthur Sharp - Mozart's Masonic Music, Quatuor Coronati, 
Vol. 69, (1956), 15-30. 

- 24 - 

V. W. Bro. Captain John Storey F.C.I.T., M. R.I.N. 

In the year 1849 a ship was entering San Francisco Harbour 
when a Mason who was a passenger noticed a small white flag 
with a square and compasses on it being held over the side of 
an anchored vessel and being raised and lowered. He called 
it to the attention of the Captain and a boat was lowered. 
On arriving alongside the vessel showing the Masonic flag 
they found the deck in charge of a madman who had broken 
the Captain's arm with a hand-spike. The Captain had managed 
to get to his cabin and taking a piece of sheet from his 
bunk painted a square and compasses on it; he reached out 
from his cabin window as far as possible and waved it as a 
sign of distress. 

A non-masonic source reports that a brig was driven 
ashore in bad weather in the harbour of Lima, Peru. The 
brig hoisted its Masonic flag and "at once, most of the ships 
in port sent their small boats to tow it off." 

The Scottish Rite museum in Lexington, Mass. has a painting 
of the American Brigantine "Bogota" entering Hongkong Harbour 
about 1850 flying a blue flag with a white square and compasses 
on it. The museum's catalogue states that "the tradition of 
using Masonic flags at sea among American, English and other 
European nations, dates at least to the 1840s and 1850s. As 
we have seen above, the masonic flag was used as a distress 
signal and also as a recognition signal at sea; it was also 
used in port as an invitation for other Masonic Captain's to 
share the ship's hospitality. 

I would like to take you across the Atlantic and give you 
some information about a certain Royal Naval gentleman, Thomas 
Dunkerley, who has been known in masonic history as "the first 
ambassador of the Craft and the brother who took masonry to 
sea" to quote from the book named after him. Thomas Dunkerley 
sailed on the H.M.S. "VANGUARD" for Canada on 7th March, 1760. 
Master Gunner Thomas Dunkerley had in his possession Warrant 
No. 254 from the Grand Lodge of England authorizing him to 
hold a lodge and make masons onboard the "Vanguard" ; he also 
held a Warrant "to make. Pass & Raise masons onboard any ship 
or vessel" . 

From what we can presently trace he was the first reponsi- 
ble for holding the first ever lodge aboard a British Man of 

You may recall the famous Battle of the Plains which was 
fought on 18th Sept. , 1759 and two weeks later the British 
marched into Quebec. Six of the British Regiments which had 
assembled for the battle had lodges attached to them; five 
holding warrants from the Grand Lodge of Ireland. It is recordec 
that representatives of these six lodges met on 28th Nov. , 1759 
and it has been suggested that Thomas Dunkerley had been asked 
to obtain sanction for the holding of lodge meetings. This no 

- 25 - 

doubt resulted in his obtaining the Warrant in 1760. Incidently 
there is record of a Brother Edward Gray having been made a 
mason onboard the H.M.S. "VANGUARD" on 2nd Oct., 1760. 

Later Thomas Dunkerley joined the H.M.S. "Prince" where he 
initiated, and passed a Candidate on 29th March, 1762 - he 
raised him the following month. A lodge met onboard the H.M.S. 
"Guadaloup" when Thomas Dunkerley was onboard as a passenger - 
apparently this could hardly be called a separate lodge but 
without a doubt it met under the Warrant held by Thomas 
Dunkerley "to make masons on any ship or vessel." However, it 
is also without a doubt that the ship's own travelling or 
marina lodge was in operation because how otherwise could he 
have had the necessary number of lodge officers to conduct the 

Thomas Dunkerley rose from being a boy in a fatherless 
home who ran away to sea to being the Head of Masons in eight 
counties in England; he became Grand Superintendent of 18 Royal 
Arch Provinces and Grand Master of Knights Templar. 

The Warrants of the "Vanguard" and the "Prince" were later 
used to start two famous lodges in England - The Prince 
Warrant was used to start the Somerset House Lodge" -- this 
new lodge appeared in the Engraved List as No. 279. In 1774 
this lodge was absorbed by the "Old Horn Lodge" and is now the 
Royal Somerset & Inverness Lodge No. 4. The Vanguard Warrant 
was used to start the London Bridge Lodge No. 108. 

Incidently one of the greatest honours for the "Vanguard" 
was to give support to General Wolfe and his army of 8000 in 
the assault on Quebec - and we understand that Thomas Dunkerley 
was onboard at the time. 

Thomas Dunkerley retired from the Royal Navy in 1763, 
became a lawyer and was called to the Bar. He then joined the 
Army and continued his Masonic career - details of which, for 
those who are interested, may be found in the excellent book 
"Thomas Dunkerley, a Remarkable Freemason" by Ron Chudley, to 
which I am indebted for most of the forgoing information. 

During the Napoleonic Wars an incident was recorded in 
the Minutes of the "Ancient & Amicable Lodge No. 25, Liverpool" 
in the year 1826. The Provincial Grand Master considered it 
of sufficient importance that he sent an extract to Grand Lodge. 
The incident actually took place in 1806 and the extract is as 
follows: - 

"Pickard's George Tavern, March 25th, 1806. 
Brother George Waugh, a member of this lodge relates 
an Occurance of his having been captured in his 
vessel the 'Good Intent' of this port by a Spanish 
Privateer, and that through the particular good and 
mutual friendship in the Order of Masonry, Bro. 
Waugh asserted in Lodge assembled that the Captain 
of the Privateer who, being a Mason, had generously 
given up and restored to him the vessel and cargo; 
desiring Bro. Waugh to make the best of his voyage; 
but not to give any description of the Privateer 
nor would the Spanish Captain give up his name 

- 26 - 

therefore this information is inserted for the 
good of masonry in general and by the Order of 
the Chair. 

Signed by M.M., S.W. , J.W., and the Secretary." 

During the Peninsular War when Napolean was being forced 
to retreat after his disasterous expedition into Russia at 
the end of the 1812 and early 1813 the following so called 
Marencourt Incident is worth relating :- 

It was at a time when the relationships between the English 
and the French were at an all time low in consequence, the 
story affords a striking tribute to the disinterestedness 
and self-sacrifice cultivated by the spirit and genious of 

The schooner "United Sisters" under the command of Captain 
Webb was boarded and plundered about four miles off the South 
Coast of England in the English Channel by the French Privateer 
"Le Furet" commanded by Captain Louis Marencourt. Captain Webb 
was detained onboard the French Vessel for a couple of hours 
when the English sloop "Three Friends" came into sight -- 
this vessel under the command of Captain Campbell was also 
captured by the Privateer. When Captain Marencourt found that 
the "Three Friends" had no cargo of any value onboard he gave 
orders for her to be scuttled and sunk. However, when Captain 
Marencourt was going through the papers of the Three Friends, 
he came across Captain Campbell's certificate as a Master Mason. 
He then immediately countermanded the order and restored 
Captain Campbell his ship. Captain Webb of the "United Sisters" 
would not appear to be a Mason; however, mason or not it is 
certain that Captain Marencourt also set him and his crew at 
liberty and restored their ship. When Captain Campbell was 
set at liberty - there were no conditions demanded by Captain 
Marencourt whereas Captabin Webb was required to swear in oath 
that he would faithfully observe his compact which was to make 
every effort possible to obtain the release of the Master and 
crew of the French schooner "Confiance" which the British had 
recently captured. Captain Campbell signed a "carte d'echange" 
that he also would do everything possible in his power as a 
Master Mason to assist in obtaining the release of the crew. 
Apparently about a year later Captain Marencourt was captured 
by an English Naval vessel and was duly interned a prisoner 
of war in England. It was some time before word reached 
Captain Campbell's Lodge No. 13 (Limerick & Rising Sun Lodge 
No. 952) , Limerick. Lodge No. 952 transmitted a copy of the 
resolutions of the Lodge to the Grand Master of Ireland along 
with a complete report of the incident in the hope that some- 
thing might be done to obtain the release of Captain Marencourt. 
Although a thorough search has been made of the records apper- 
taining to that incident it is not quite certain whether Captain 
Marencourt' s release, which took place soon thereafter, was as 
a direct result of Masonic intervention - but it could well be. 
It was in the year 1813 that the lodge voted the silver vase 
of value LlOO to Captain Marencourt with an address. The 
following inscription is on the vase:- 

"To Captain Louis Marencourt of the French 
Privateer "Le Furee"- To commemorate the Illustrious 

- 27 - 

Example of Masonic virture his conduct to Captain 
Campbell displays the Bretheren of Lodge No. 13 on 
the Registry of Ireland Present and Dedicate this 
cup - Limerick, May 1, 1813. On 2nd Feb. the Brig 
"Three Friends" became the prize of the "Le Furee". 
The signals of Masonry were exchanged between the 
Commanders and instantly Captain Marencourt bestowed 
his ship and his liberty on Captain Campbell." 

Efforts were made to present the Cup through the Grand 
Lodge of France, however, it was learned that Captain Maren- 
court had left France and had died in Africa after which the 
cup was returned to the Lodge who have it in their possession 
to this day. Incidently, Lodge 952 still meets today. 

About the same time 10th, Sept. 1813 the Brig "Friends 
Increase" was captured by the French Privateer "Comet" com- 
manded by Captain Cugneau whilst on a voyage from Messina to 
Bristol with a cargo of oil, wine, almonds and pumice stone. 
When Captain Guthrie of the "Friends Increase" went onboard 
he made himself known to Captain Cugneau as a Mason. In 
consequence of finding that his prisoner was a Mason Captain 
Cugneau immediately released him together with his whole crew 
and at the same time returning the vessel and cargo valued at 

The procedure appears to be similar to that of the Maren- 
court Incident. Captain Guthrie gave an undertaking that on 
his return to England he would do his best to obtain release 
of an equal number of French prisoners of war. However, his 
vessel did not arrive back to Bristol until some two months 
later when Captain Guthrie immediately informed his lodge, 
the Union Lodge No. 213, when an entry was made. In the Minute 
book for Nov. 11th, 1813 is a full account of the steps made 
by the lodge in taking the matter to Grand Lodge requesting 
the M.W. Grand Master H.R.H. the Duke of Sussex to do whatever 
was possible to accomplish the object of release of prisoners 
of war. This is recorded at length in the Transactions of 
A.Q.C. Vol. XVIII page 153 under the title of Masonic Chivalry. 

Our next story comes from the Pacific. It was a ship- 
wreck which was responsible for bringing organised masonry to 
the islands of Hawaii in the year 1841. The whaling ship 
"Ajax" out of France, rammed and sank the Whaler "Anna Maria" 
in the Pacific Ocean. The crew of the Anna Maria were all 
picked up and the "Ajax" drydocked in Honolulu, Hawaii. The 
"Ajax" was commanded by Monsieur LeTellier; this gentleman had 
with him documents that commissioned him to "set up (masonic) 
lodges in the Pacific Ocean and elsewhere on his voyages, to 
issue warrants, to call upon the Supreme Council for Charters, 
to make Masons on sight, and to forever be given grand honours 
upon his appearance in any Lodge of his creation". He was 
styled the "Grand Deputy of France" for the Grand Orient of 
France. He found in Honolulu a conglomeration of men from many 
countries among whom many were masons. Apparently, Mr. Le 
Tellier called a meeting of a few well chosen men to whom he 
disclosed his credentials. To cut a long story short Le Tellier 
organised the Lodge le Progress do 1' Oceania onboard the 
"Ajax" on 8th April, 1843. Little is known of this particular 

- 28 - 

meeting or subsequent meetings as the records were destroyed 
by fire. However, the facts have been verified by records of 
the parent organization in France. Thus, freemasonry was 
introduced to the Islands, and in fact we understand to the 
whole of the Pacific hemisphere west of the Mississippi River 
in America aboard the Barg "Ajax" in a room lighted by the 
fluttering wicks of whale oil lamps. Soon after this took 
place many men of the islands deserted and went to California 
during the Gold Rush. The Grand Lodge of California officially 
opened on 19th April, 1850 and Hawaiian Lodge No. 22 came into 
being in the city of Honolulu in February, 1852. The Grand 
Lodge of California attributes its formation to two groups - 
the Seafarers, those masons who came to California by sea and 
the Wayfarers, who came overland. The beautiful Masonic Memoria. 
Nob Hill in San Francisco has a large stained glass window 
honouring the seafarers who helped to found and settle Californi; 

Many Captains of ships were authorized to open and organise 
lodges where ever they may settle. They were better known in 
those days as Marina Lodges. Apparently between 1637 and 1767 
many thousands of ships, both marine and naval had travelled 
to and from the Orient — a high percentage of these ships 
had with them their own travelling lodges. It was towards the 
end of the 18th Century that American ships began to arrive 
in the Orient - headed by the Empress of China in 1784. It was 
reported that practically every American vessel of any size had 
its own travelling lodge. Very friendly relations existed 
between the English and the Americans at that time. Unless 
it can be proven otherwise it can be said that this was the 
product of freemasonry and its basics of brotherly love, relief 
and truth. And, according to masonic records, many of our 
American bretheren as well as their male off-spring served 
under the banners of English, Irish and Scottish Lodges. 

Furthermore there was the movement of Naval vessels carry- 
ing to the outposts of the British Empire regiments of troops 
destined for garrison duties and also to protect trade with 
Britain. Apparently each regiment had its own travelling 
lodge and several of the naval vessels were equipped to hold 
their own masonic ceremonies. In those days the percentage 
of masons in both branches of the Services (Military and Naval) 
was known to be high. 

There are many reports about masonry and seamen. One 
such describes how a ship master, member of a lodge, saved the 
lives of nearly five hundred men women and children by taking 
them out to sea when a revolution broke out in a West Indian 
port. Another about the sentinel who would be walking the 
decks to ensure there were no cowans or eavesdroppers about 
when the lodge was meeting down below in the cabin. In the 
year 1872 the Brigantine "Mary Celeste" sailed from New York 
bound for Gibralter. Some weeks later she was found underway 
at sea about 600 nautical miles west of Portugal in fine 
weather but not a soul onboard. Among the list of effects 
found onboard was an envelope containing two freemasons' 
documents. A possible clue to the nature of the documents was 
found in a magazine article on the mystery which appeared many 
years later which stated that "Captain Briggs had frequently 
called at Gibralter and was a member of St. John's Lodge of 
Masons at that port. " 

- 29 - 

There has always been the problem of advancement in the 
Craft for those who go down to the sea in ships, as I know from 
personal experience. The following is an extract from the 
Minutes of the Antients Grand Lodge for Dec. 4th, 1771: "there 
were many Members of lodges who from their profession in Life 
(the Sea for example) that could never regularly attain that 
part of Masonry, tho' very deserving men and humbly moved that 
might be considered in the New Regulations." This was with 
reference to the old "passing the Chair" ceremony which was 
necessary in those days prior to acceptance for membership 
in the Royal Arch. This by the way is no longer necessary in 
our jurisdiction. 

In the context of "Masonry at Sea" there is another angle 
to which I must refer. 

On May 24th, 1850, the foundation 'stone of Horsburgh Light- 
house was layed with full Masonic honours and ceremony. This 
was in consequence of an invitation by the Governor of Singapore 
Horsburgh Lighthouse was erected on some rocks about 2 5 feet 
above sea level and about 6 miles off the East Coast of Malaya 
at the Eastern Approaches of the Singapore Straits. This is an 
area where the tides are very strong, rain squalls frequent and 
where pirates are rampant even to this day. The Lighthouse 
was named after Captain Horsburgh the famous hydrographer who 
was responsible for charting the waters of South East Asia. 
It was considered to be of such great importance that the local 
press referred to it as "The First Phoros of the Eastern Seas" 
and also the "Lighthouse for all Nations". How many ships 
that were lost prior to the building of this lighthouse is not 
known but it is recorded that between 1824 and 1851 at least 
sixteen large ships were lost on that reef which bears the name 
Pedra Branca. This area was notorious for pirates and many 
haplass ships stranded on those rocks became easy targets. 
Few men ever lived to report such attacks as the pirates had 
no compunction in murdering the whole crew in order to destroy 
all evidence. Incidently the foundation stone of Raffles 
Lighthouse, the southern most point of Asia and in the middle 
of the Singapore Straits was also laid with full Masonic 
Honours about four years later. 

My Brethren, I am sure few of us realise how much we owe 
to our sea faring brethren. Many of you will recall marine 
terms in our rituals e.g. "where the tide ebbs and flows twice 
in a day" - "wood brought down from Lebanon to Joppa by sea 
for the building of the Temple"; in the Royal Ark Mariners 
Degree - the building of the Ark and the use of the tools in 
its construction - the square and compasses, the compasses 
onboard ship are usually referred to as dividers and are in 
constant use in the chart room for the measuring of distances 
on the charts, to mention only a few of them. 

H. L. Hayward in his essay "The Saga of our Sea Captains" 
wrote that "the spread of Freemasonry throughout the world 
followed the sealanes of commerce from the Mother Grand Lodge 
in London to the ports and colonies in fifty and sixty countries 
over the face of the globe." 

Lodges were formed where ever a regiment formed a garrison, 
where ever immigrants settled, where ever traders put down their 

- 30 - 

roots. However, I am sure that the enthusiasm for masonry 
was essentially carried on through the faithfulness of the 
seamen on the ships that carried the troops, immigrants and 
traders, especially during the long arduous voyages in cramped 
conditions with poor food and no entertainment. I am sure 
meetings were arranged, degrees worked, discussions carried 
on which were in fact the actual basis of the lodges formed 
when the voyages ended and the passengers landed. 

To me it seems quite natural that Seamen the world over 
have been and are attracted to Freemasonry. The "Brotherhood 
of the Sea" is almost synonomous with the Brotherhood of 
Masonry — the basic principles of brotherly love, relief 
and truth could well be interwoven throughout these two great 
brotherhoods. It is said that seamen speak the same language 
and there is no doubt but that Masons certainly do as well. 

A Historian of one of the old Main Lodges wrote in the 
middle of last century:- 

There is no class of people to whom the Masonic 
ties are more dear than those of seafaring men. 
Separated as they are from home associations, sailing 
perhaps many months on long voyages often to foreign 
countries and among strange people there is a natural 
longing for a friendly clasp of the hand and a hearty 
welcome. The Masonic Lodges erected in every part of 
the world stand as a beacon; light guiding them into 
that haven of companionship where the Masonic wanderer 
finds cordial greeting and where he is made to feel at 
home among friends." 

In my research for material for this paper I have come to 
realise the tremendous debt we "Overseas" masons owe to the 
infusion of innoculation of Masonry into men of all trades and 
classes. Some sources state that Freemasonry is an off -shoot 
from or a development of the Ancient City Guilds which go back 
to Biblical times - this could well be but this is the subject 
for another paper. 

My Bretheren, I am deeply concious of our need for the 
drastic application of the principles of our Craft. Throughout 
my talk I have made reference to the basics of Brotherly Love, 
Relief and Truth. I have given examples of how these principles 
were applied among seamen in the past. I am sure most of you 
know from first hand experience just as I do of how much we 
have been helped in times of need. So in conclusion I would 
like to relate a short true story of an incident which took 
place in Africa not so long ago. 

While his parents were away a young boy of 12 returned to 
find the small crude dwelling which was his home to be on fire 
- it was a raging inferno. For a moment the boy hesitated then 
plunged into the flames and came back with his baby brother in 
his arms. The villagers crowded around and congratulated him 
on his bravery. "What made you do it?" he was asked, the young 
man replied quietly "I heard my brother cry." 

It is quite possible that many of you have heard this story 
before but how many of you have heard your brother cry and then 

- 31 - 

done something about it. 


1. Transactions of the Maine Lodge of Research Vol. 1 1980, 
page 44. 

2. Transactions of the Maine Lodge of Research Vol. 1 1980, 
page 43. 

3. "Thomas Dunkerley, A Remarkable Freemason' 
page 14. 

4. "Thomas Dunkerley, A Remarkable Freemason' 
page 15. 

5. "Thomas Dunkerley, A Remarkable Freemason' 
page 12. 

6. "Thomas Dunkerley, A Remarkable Freemason' 
page 15. 

7. "Thomas Dunkerley, A Remarkable Freemason' 
page 18. 

8. "Thomas Dunkerley, A Remarkable Freemason' 
page 21. 

9. "Thomas Dunkerley, A Remarkable Freemason' 
page 20. 

10. "Thomas Dunkerley, A Remarkable Freemason' 
page 2 . 

11. "Thomas Dunkerley, A Remarkable Freemason' 
page 22. 

12. "Thomas Dunkerley, A Remarkable Freemason' 
page 20. 

13. "Thomas Dunkerley, A Remarkable Freemason' 
page 74. 

14. A.Q.C. Vol. 80 page 303. 

15. A.Q.C. Vol. 18 page 13 (The Marencourt Cup). 

16. A.Q.C. Vol. 18 page 153 (Masonic Chivalry). 

17. Chater-Cosmos Transactions Vol. 3 for 1981 page 82. 

18. Victoria Lodge of Hongkong (Centenary) Thomas W. Carr. 
page 1. 

19. Victoria Lodge of Hongkong (Centenary) Thomas W. Carr. 
page 2 & 3. 

20. Victoria Lodge of Hongkong (Centenary) Thomas W. Carr. 
page 5 . 

21. Transactions of Maine Lodge Vol. 1 page 45. 

22. Transactions of Maine Lodge Vol. 1 page 44. 

23. Freemasons Book of the Royal Arch page 184. 

24. "First Pharos of the Eastern Seas' Horsburgh Lighthouse 
(Pavit 1966) . 

25. Transactions of the Maine Lodge Vol. 1 page 40. 

by Ron Chudley, 
by Ron Chudley, 
by Ron Chudley, 
by Ron Chudley, 
by Ron Chudley, 
by Ron Chudley, 
by Ron Chudley, 
by Ron Chudley, 
by Ron Chudley, 
by Ron Chudley, 
by Ron Chudley, 

- 32 - 


Following the presentation, Brother Storey responded to 
several informal questions: 

Q. In the event of a 'Lodge at Sea', were only the officers 
members of the lodge? 

A. Within the lodge both officers and crew were members, there 
were no differences or rank distinctions within the portals 
of the lodge. 

Q. Your paper was most interesting and points out the import- 
ant contribution made by the early sea faring brethren in 
spreading masonry throughout the world, may I ask if there 
are instances where lodges meet on board ships in modern 

A. One must remember that ships of the 18th century were at sea 
for many months at a time and that the principles of 
Freemasonry had a great deal of appeal to men who shared 
the perils of the sea. Today there is not the same need, 
when we consider the speed with which modern vessels can 
cross large bodies of water. However, even today I 
understand that lodge meetings have been held on such 
ships as the Queen Mary and the Queen Elizabeths, but 
whether they officially held Warrants I can't be certain. 

Q. You mentioned that some Captains of pirate ships were 

masons, is this behaviour not contrary to the principles 
of Freemasonry? or were the "Pirateers" operating on a 
code of ethics peculiar to masonry where this common bond 
provided certain immunities? 

A. You have answered the question yourself. 

R.W.Bro. Ed Drew, in expressing the thanks of the Lodge, ' 
reminded the Brethren that V.W.Bro. Storey was also a member 
of The Heritage Lodge and with his impecable credentials was 
emmenently qualified to address the subject of Freemasonry at 
Sea. In paraphrasing the old addage, Bro. Storey has a Lodge 
in every port. It was a joy to listen to the perfectly delight- 
ful presentation and Masonic feeling among early sailors did 
indeed temper the penalties of being "bound in irons" or given 
the "lash". 

NOTE: Anyone wishing to learn more about Thomas Dunckerley may 
do so by obtaining a copy of a new book titled "Thomas Dunck- 
erley - A Remarkable Freemason" by Ron Chudley. The book covers 
his Provincial activities in Craft and Royal Arch; his role 
in Knights Templar; his activities overseas and how he spent 
the early years of his life in the Royal Navy forming lodges 
on board the vessels he served upon; and most remarkable of 
all, how he learned that he was the natural son of King George 
II and the efforts he went to in establishing this. 

Copies may be purchased at 68.75 ($20.00 U.S.) from Q.C. 
Correspondence Circle Ltd., 60 Great Queen Street, London 
WC2B 5AZ. 


- 33 - 


R. W. Bro. Peter de Karwin 

Was born in Vienna and came to Canada with his wife and 
daughters some 34 years ago. 

He has Master of Science Degrees in Mechanical and 
Electrical Engineering and is an Honorary Member of the 
University of Toronto. 

He is a Registered Professional Engineer in the Province 
of Ontario, and is currently Supervisor for Systems and 
Testing for the Metropolitan Toronto Board of Education. 

Brother de Karwin was Initiated, Passed and Raised in 
Alpha Lodge No. 384, Toronto District 7. 

In 1971, he was elected Grand Junior Warden of the 
Grand Lodge of A.F. & A.M. of Canada in the Province of 
Ontario and travelled extensively throughout the Jurisdiction, 

In 1976, he was Coroneted an Honorary Inspector General 
33° of The Ancient & Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry. 

R. W. Bro. Wallace E. McLeod 

Wallace McLeod was born in Toronto, Ontario in 1931. 
He obtained his B.A. Degree from the University of Toronto 
and his M.A. and Ph.D. Degrees from Harvard University. 
Dr. McLeod is now Professor of Classics at Victoria College, 
University of Toronto. 

Brother McLeod was initiated into Masonry in Mizpah 
Lodge No. 572, G.R.C., Toronto, in 1952, and served as Worship- 
ful Master in 1969. He served on the Board of General 
Purposes of the Grand Lodge of Canada from 1972 to 1982. He 
is a Charter Member and was active in the organization of 
The Heritage Lodge, No. 730. He was made a honorary member 
of a number of lodges in this jurisdiction, and in 1983 he 
received the signal honour of serving as Worshipful Master 
of the premier lodge of research, Quatuor Coronati, No. 2076, 
E.R., London, England; the first North American to be so 
recognized in the ninety-six years of the lodge's existence. 

He is a Member of the Philalethes Society, and Chairman 
of its International Relations Commission. He is also a 
member of the Society of Blue Friars, and an honorary member 
of Ancient Landmarks Lodge, No. 3579, Bloomington, Illinois. 
He was the Anson Jones Lecturer for the Texas Lodge of Research 
in 1983, received the Delmar D. Darrah Medal of Ancient 
Landmarks Lodge in 1983, and in 1984 he was given the Distin- 
guished Service Plaque of Virginia Lodge of Research. Brother 
McLeod has written or edited several books for the Grand 
Lodge of Canada in the Province of Ontario, and for the 
Masonic Book Club. 

- 34 - 

V. W. Bro. Captain John Storey, F.C.I.T., M. R.I.N. 

Was born in Wallsend on Tyne, England, November 9, 1910. 
He became a Master Mariner in 1935 and is a member of the 
Honourable Company of Master Mariners and a member of the 
Royal Institute of Navigation. Since 1979 he has been 
Master (Great Lakes Div. ) Company of Master Mariners of 

He is a Past President of the National Body of Canadian 
Pensioners Concerned Inc. 

Captain Storey was initiated in Lodge Hanyang No. 1048, 
Grand Register of Scotland, in Seoul, Korea, April 19, 1961. 
He was Worshipful Master of Horsburgh Lodge No. 2533, E.C., 
in Singapore in 1967. He has affiliated with 8 Craft 
Lodges in Singapore, Hong Kong and London, England, and is 
a Founding Member of Mustapa Osman Lodge of Installed Masters, 
1970, in Malasia. He is also a member, 1975, of Wellington 
Square Lodge No. 725, G.R.C. 

Brother Storey has held 5 Grand Lodge Offices from 
1969-74 of the E.C. and S.C. in the Eastern Archipelago, 
the Middle East and the Far East. 

However, his major activities have been in Capitular 
Masonry where he has been a member of no fewer than 29 
bodies, 5 of them as a Founding Member. He currently resides 
in Etobicoke, Toronto. 


- 35 - 

The following is extracted from a letter received from 
C.N. Batham, Secretary of Quatuor Coronati Correspondence 
Circle. Brother Batham is reponding to the paper title "Re- 
Birth of Freemasonry in Continental Europe" as published in 
the Proceedings Vol. 6, No. 4, May, 1983. 

24 August, 1983. 

Dear Bro. Pos: 

A copy of the May, 1983 Proceedings of The Heritage 
Lodge No. 7 30 has just arrived and once again I was very 
much impressed with both the standard 6f its production and 
its contents. 

You may know of my interest in European Freemasonry and 
I was therefore especially pleased to read the paper by Bro. 
Andrew. However, in the interests of accurate reporting 
there are some statements that cannot go unchallenged. 

In the first place he says that Masonry is completely 
forbidden in Spain and this was certainly the case under 
General Franco but not since then. As a matter of fact quite 
recently a new Grand Lodge of Spain was consecrated by the 
Grand Master of La Grande Loge Nationale Francaise and I was 
present in Madrid for that ceremony though I hasten to say 
in my capacity as a French Grand Officer. This new Grand 
Lodge is working perfectly regularly and has already been 
recognized by quite a number of Grand Lodges though not yet 
by England, Scotland or Ireland though I anticipate that this 
will not be long delayed. 

The position in Belgium is certainly complicated as 
there are three Grand Lodges which is excessive for such a 
small country. The Grand Orient of Belgium is irregular as 
is the Grand Lodge of Belgium which he mentions. However, I 
am sure that he intended to refer to the Regular Grand Lodge 
of Belgium which, as its name implies, works regularly and 
is widely recognized by other Grand Lodges. 

Further the Grande Loge Nationale Francaise does not 
recognize Switzerland (Alpina) and on this question Bro. 
Andrews memory must be faulty. 

Further Freemasonry in France does not date back to 
1721. In spite of widely repeated legends of lodges dating 
from as early as 1685, all of which are very definitely 
untrue, the first masonic lodge in France was the one 
established in Paris in 1725 by Charles Radcliffe and other 
Stuart supporters. When the Grand Lodge of France was 
founded is unknown but it was probably in 1728. What is 
definite is that the Duke of Wharton was its first Grand 
Master and he died in 1731. Towards the end of the century 
there was a break-away movement but after the Revolution the 
Grand Lodge of France and the Grand Orient of France combined 
and from then until the present time it has been known by 

- 36 - 

the latter name. It is therefore incorrect to say that the 
Grand Lodge of France was revived in 1894. It was brought 
into being by the Supreme Council of France and had no 
connection at all with the 18th century Grand Lodge of France 
apart from having the same name. 

Finally Bro. Andrew is wide of the mark in saying that 
there are only 85 lodges on the register of the Grande Loge 
Nationale Francaise as there are just over 300. 

Nevertheless it is very refreshing to find someone who 
was a member of that Obedience spreading the Gospel in Canada. 

Yours sincerely and fraternally. 

N. Batham. 

- 37 - 


R. W. Bro. Thomas E. Greenaway 

Initiated into Masonry in Reba Lodge No. 515, Brantford, 
on April 9th, 1920. Worshipful Master of Reba Lodge in 1937. 
District Deputy Grand Master of Brant District 1954-55. 
Appointed to the Board of General Purposes from July 1965 to 
July 1971. Honorary member of St. George Lodge No. 243 
on April 28, 1972. Secretary of Reba Lodge No. 515 for 25 
years 1957 to 1982. Member of The Heritage Lodge No. 730. 
Member of Murton Lodge of Perfection, Hamilton Chapter of 
Rose Croix and Moore Sovereign Consistory. R.W.Bro. Green- 
away was presented with his 60 year pin on April 28, 1980 
by M.W.Bro. N. R. Richards. Passed to the Grand Lodge Above 
February 4, 1983. 

V. W. Bro. Randall D. Langs 

Initiated into Onondaga Lodge No. 519, October 25th, 
1955. Worshipful Master of Onondaga Lodge in 1972. Appointed 
Grand Steward in July 1975 in recognition of his leadership 
in several District workshops. A Charter Member and active 
in the organization of The Heritage Lodge No. 730. Member 
of Murton Lodge of Perfection, Hamilton Chapter of Rose Croix 
and Moore Sovereign Consistory. Passed to the Grand Lodge 
Above March 21, 1983. 

W. Bro. Henry Johnston Armstrong 

Initiated into Temple Lodge No. 649 in 1928. Affiliated 
with The Heritage Lodge No. 730 May 16, 1979. Passed to the 
Grand Lodge Above March, 1984. 

R. W. Bro. Allyn Ralph Fast 

Initiated into Acacia Lodge No. 580, London West District 
in 1954. Affiliated with Palmer Lodge No. 372, Niagara 
District B. Affiliated with The Heritage Lodge No. 730 in 
1981. Passed to the Grand Lodge Above, April 30, 1984. 

As some trees are evergreen 

And withereth not with winter's breath; 

So some memories survive. 

Unchanged - untouched by life or death. 

Time scatters not the golden leaves of memory; 

They fade not as the years depart 

But grow unceasingly in the gardens of the heart. 

R.W.Bro. Willard Gordon 


- 38 - 



M.W.Bro. Ronald E. Groshaw 

31 Princess Margaret Blvd., Islington, M9A 1Z5 

R.W.Bro. A. Lou Copeland 
7449 Victoria Park Ave., Markham, L3R 2Y7 


M.W.Bro. Robt. E. Davies 
Box 217, 363 King St., Hamilton, L8N 3C9 

LODGE OFFICERS (1983-1984) 

Worshipful Master 




Immediate Past 





Senior Warden 




Junior Warden 
















Assistant Secretary 



Senior Deacon 



Junior Deacon 




Director of Ceremonies 



Inner Guard 







Senior Steward 




Junior Steward 


















David C. Bradley 
Balfour LeGresley 
C. Edwin Drew 
Robert S. Throop 
Arthur Watson 
Duncan J. McFadgen 
Rev. W. Gray Rivers 
George Moore 
Albert Barker 
Edsel C. Steen 
George E. Zwicker 
Edmond V. Ralph 
Frank G. Dunn 
Donald B. Kaufman 
Wilfred Greenhough 
Len Hertel 
Gregory C. Robinson 
Glenson T. Jones 
Jacob (Jack) Pos 


General Purposes 
Masonic Information 
Central Data Bank 
Masonic Museum 
Lodge Librarian 
Lodge Publications 
Advisory Committee 
The Masonic Heritage 





E. Drew 









B. Kaufman 





J. Bruce 




J. M. Major 










R. W. Bro. C. Baxter 

V. W. Bro. Stewart L. Thurtell 


J. Pos 

E. V. Ralph 

56 Castlegrove 

Don Mills, M3A 1L2 

- 39 - 

YoLj are invited to attend a 




" The Making of the Peaceable Kingdom 



University of Toronto 






— Refreshments — 

(Parking in the T.H. & B. Railway Lot and at City Hall) 


A Bicentennial Project arranged by 

A.F. & A.M., G.R.C. 



for the Community "^'Oy^ARVO ''^'